UPDATED: News Publishers Deemed “Essential” Businesses During Pandemic

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Many states are relying ton the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) memorandum for determining which businesses are “essential” during stay-at-home or shelter-in-place situations. While the initial CISA guidance mentioned news producers briefly, the language was vague and left publishers uncertain about who in their organizations might be deemed “essential.” Because of this confusion, the Alliance worked with members and state associations to advocate for clearer language, and held conversations with the DHS in order to ensure clarification of news employees’ essential role. Following these conversations, a new CISA memo was issued that more clearly defines news media as an essential business. This will make it clearer that the delivery operations of newspapers are included as critical infrastructure.

The new CISA language states: “Workers who support radio, television, and media service, including, but not limited to front-line news reporters, studio, and technicians for newsgathering, and reporting, and publishing news.” (Emphasis added on new language).

You can read the full updated CISA memo here.

These states are following CISA guidance, but may also have their own essential business lists: Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, Wisconsin.

Below, you’ll find information on executive orders from across the country, organized alphabetically by state. Federal and international orders are at the bottom.

ALABAMA:

April 3 – Governor Kay Ivey issued a statewide stay-at-home order that will remain in effect until April 30. According to the Alabama order, “Media operations, including newspapers, digital news sites, television, radio and other media services” are considered essential businesses and are therefore allowed to continue regular operations for the duration. You can read the full order here.

ALASKA:

March 27 – Governor Mike Dunleavy issued an executive order limiting in-state travel to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Under the order, only travel for essential personal reasons or business related to “critical infrastructure” is permitted. The Alaska order has deemed “newspapers, television, radio, and other media services” critical, and thus exempt from the travel limitations. You can read the mandate here. You can read the full order listing essential businesses here.

ARIZONA:

March 30 – Governor Doug Ducey has issued an executive “stay-at-home” order for the state of Arizona. The order lasts through April 30 unless superseded by a new order. As in other states, residents are allowed to participate in essential business and activities such as obtaining medical care, procuring groceries, and getting outdoor exercise. Ducey had previously issued a list of businesses deemed “essential” by the state, and it includes news publishers and broadcasters. You can read the full list of Arizona’s essential businesses here. You can read the full stay-at-home order here.

CALIFORNIA:

March 21 – The state of California has ordered all residents to stay home during the ongoing COVID-19 public health crisis. All non-essential workers are to shelter in place until further notice. Among the essential businesses allowed to operate as normal under the order are news publishers and broadcasters. You can read California’s full order and an FAQ about the situation in the state here.

March 16 – The City and County of San Francisco, California, has cited news publishers (“Newspapers, television, radio, and other media services”) as essential businesses under its newly enacted shelter-in-place order. The action, taken to slow the spread of the novel coronavirus, is the first to declare news publishers as “essential” alongside such necessary businesses as grocery stores, pharmacies and gas stations. You can read the full Order here.

COLORADO:

March 23 – Colorado issued an amendment to their social distancing measures in which they clearly label news publishers and broadcasters as “essential” during the ongoing public health crisis. You can read the amended order here. You can also read the order here, if unable to access via the previous link.

March 17 – In Colorado, the Colorado Press Association and the Colorado Freedom of Information Coalition sent a joint letter to Governor Jared Polis requesting that employees of news publishers be considered “essential” staff during the state of emergency and be given freedom of movement to continue to report and deliver the news. You can read their letter online here.

CONNECTICUT:

March 20 – Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont issued an executive order issuing restrictions for all non-essential businesses in the state. The order extends through April 22 and encourages all non-essential businesses to keep operations to a minimum and to allow employees to work remotely if at all possible. Among those businesses exempt from the order are “news media” operations, which are permitted to operate as normal during the continued public health crisis. You can read the full order here.

DELAWARE:

March 22 – Delaware Governor John Carney has issued a “stay at home” order for the state of Delaware, going into effect on March 24. Under the order, all non-essential businesses are ordered to cease operations and all residents are urged to stay home unless necessary. You can read the full Delaware order here. Under the order, news publishers and broadcasters are allowed to continue operations as “essential” businesses. You can read the full list of essential businesses here.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA:

March 24 – Mayor Muriel Bowser issued an order closing all non-essential businesses in the District of Columbia until April 24. The D.C. order follows federal CISA guidance, but also directly spells out an exemption for newspapers and other media services. You can read the full order here.

FLORIDA:

April 1 – Governor Ron DeSantis has issued a stay-at-home order for the state of Florida. The order will go into effect at midnight April 2. Under the order, Florida residents are urged to stay at home unless participating in an essential business or activity. As Florida’s executive order follows federal CISA guidance, news publishers, producers and delivery personnel are exempt from any stay-at-home requirements. You can read the full order here.

March 19 – The Florida Press Association today sent a letter to Governor Ron DeSantis asking that the governor recognize news publishers as “essential” businesses in the event of a business shutdown or shelter-in-place order. The letter noted the classification of media businesses as “essential” in places such as San Francisco, Colorado and Pennsylvania, and asked that Florida news media be treated the same. You can read the full letter here. 

March 19 – Florida’s Miami-Dade County has issued “Emergency Order 07-20” enacting a local state of emergency in the county. The order requires that all non-essential retail and commercial businesses close. Essential business — including newspapers, television, radio, and other media services — are permitted to remain open and operational. You can read the full order here.

GEORGIA:

April 2 – Governor Brian Kemp issued a “shelter in place” order for the state of Georgia, effective through April 13. The order follows CISA guidance, so “Workers who support radio, television, and media service, including, but not limited to front-line news reporters, studio, and technicians for newsgathering, and reporting, and publishing news” are considered essential and therefore exempt from the order. You can read the full Georgia order here. You can read the governor’s guidance on essential businesses here.

April 1 – Governor Brian Kemp has announced that he will issue a statewide shelter-in-place order on April 2, and that the order would be in effect through April 13. You can read about the governor’s statement here. The order will be posted as soon as it’s available.

HAWAII: 

March 23 – Hawaii Governor David Ige signed an executive order urging all residents of the state to stay at home unless participating in essential activities or businesses. Among those businesses deemed “essential” under the governor’s order are newspapers and broadcasters. You can read the full order here.

IDAHO:

March 25 – Governor Brad Little issued a stay-at-home order that will remain in effect for 21 days. Under the order, residents are required to remain in their homes unless engaging in an essential business or personal activity. While Idaho’s order follows CISA guidance, it also specifies what businesses are deemed “essential” in the state and notes that in the event of conflict with CISA, the specific Idaho rulings will be followed. “Newspapers, television, radio, and other media services” are exempt from the order as essential businesses under both CISA and the Idaho order. You can read the full Idaho order here.

ILLINOIS:

March 31 – Governor J.B. Pritzker announced that he would be extending the state’s stay-at-home order to April 30. The original order, issued March 20, was set to expire April 7. You can read the governor’s statement on extending the stay-at-home order here.

March 20 – Illinois Governor J.B. Pritzker has issued an executive order requiring all residents to stay at home unless otherwise necessary. Under the order, all non-essential businesses must cease all but the minimum basic operations. Per Governor Pritzker, news publishers and producers are considered “essential” and may continue to operate as normal. You can read the full order here. Because essential employees may need to provide proof of their business while moving around the state, the Illinois Press Association has drafted a sample letter for journalists and other news media employees to carry on them during the shutdown. You can download the letter here.

March 19 – The Village of Oak Park, Illinois, has issued an official shelter-in-place order for all residents effective March 20. “Essential” businesses are exempt from the order, and the city has deemed “newspapers, television, radio, and other media services” among the most essential businesses for residents. You can read the official shelter-in-place order here.

INDIANA: 

March 23 – Governor Eric Holcomb has issued a stay-at-home order for the state of Indiana. Only essential businesses — including news media publishers and broadcasters — are permitted to operate as normal. You can read the full order here. And the full list of “essential” businesses can be found here.

IOWA:

March 23 – The Iowa Newspaper Association sent a letter to Governor Kim Reynolds requesting clarification on the “essential” nature of news publishers during the ongoing public health crisis. The letter stated, “We would appreciate this clarification that media and organizations including newspapers are essential businesses to remain open during the COVID-19 crisis in order to continue to inform the public about their health, safety and welfare. Freedom of movement for credentialed reporters and those delivering newspapers is essential to our ability to keep the public appraised of rapidly evolving developments during this pandemic.” You can read the full letter here.

KANSAS:

March 30 – Governor Laura Kelly issued a statewide “stay home” order requiring all Kansas residents to stay at home unless participating in an essential business or personal activity. The order currently runs through April 19. The order establishes the Kansas Essential Function Framework (KEFF), which outlines “essential” businesses in the state. Per KEFF, the “operation of media outlets” is considered essential. You can read the full order here.

KENTUCKY:

March 25 – Governor Andy Beshear issued an executive “healthier at home” order for the state of Kentucky. Per the order, only “life-sustaining” businesses may remain open. Along with following CISA guidance, the Kentucky order specifically exempts “newspapers, television, radio, and other media services.” You can read the full Kentucky order here.

LOUISIANA:

March 22 – Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards announced that he is issuing a “stay at home” order for all residents and visitors to Louisiana. Per the order, news media operations are exempt and will be permitted to continue their essential operations. You can read the full order here. Louisiana, like many other states, is following the Department of Homeland Security’s Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) memorandum on “essential” business operations during the ongoing pandemic. You can read the full CISA memo here.

MAINE:

March 31 – Governor Janet Mills issued an executive order requiring all residents of Maine to remain at home unless participating in an essential business function or essential personal matter, including obtaining medical attention or procuring groceries, or getting outdoor exercise. The Maine order follows CISA guidance, exempting news media businesses as “essential.” You can read the order announcing CISA guidelines will be followed here. You can read the full stay-at-home order here.

MARYLAND:

March 30 – Governor Larry Hogan issued a stay-at-home order for the state of Maryland, requiring all residents to stay home unless participating in essential business or obtaining medical care or essential goods such as groceries and gas. The order states that anyone who knowingly violates the order is guilty of a misdemeanor and could be required to pay a $5,000 fine. The Maryland order follows CISA guidance, exempting news media publishers, producers, and delivery staff from the stay-at-home mandate. You can read the full order here.

March 23 – Governor Larry Hogan announced that he is ordering all non-essential businesses in the state to close, including those that had been permitted to continue operating under previous orders. Only “essential” businesses are now allowed to operate in Maryland. Hogan followed the CISA guidance on determining which businesses count as essential. You can read the CISA memo here. And you can read all of the Maryland orders here.

Maryland issued an addendum to their order with other businesses that may remain open during the duration of the state’s stay-at-home order. You can read that list here.

MASSACHUSETTS:

March 23 – Massachusetts Governor Charlie Baker ordered the full closure of all non-essential businesses in the state through April 7. Among the list of exempt, “essential” businesses are news publishers and broadcasters. You can read the Massachusetts order here.

MICHIGAN:

April 1 – Governor Gretchen Whitmer declared a state of disaster in Michigan. You can read the governor’s statement here.

March 24 – Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer issued a “Temporary requirement to suspend activities that are not necessary to sustain or protect life” via executive order. Under the order, “communications and information technology, including news media” are exempt from any stay-in-place measures as essential businesses. You can read the full order here.

MINNESOTA:

March 26 – Governor Tim Walz issued an executive order ordering all residents of the state to stay at home unless engaged in essential activities or businesses. While Minnesota is following CISA guidance, the order also spells out an explicit exemption for news: “Communications and information technology. This category is limited to communications and information technology workers listed in the CISA Guidance, in addition to all workers who support news services of all kinds, including newspapers, radio, television, and other forms of news media.” You can read the full order here.

March 20 – The Minnesota Newspaper Association (MNA) sent a letter to Governor Tim Walz requesting his assurance that news publishers would be considered “essential” businesses during the duration of the COVID-19 crisis. The MNA noted that, “Recent experience has demonstrated that a great deal of false and misleading information about the coronavirus is being widely disseminated via the internet, and through social media. Professional news organizations can provide the most effective antidote to this kind of bad information, and the harmful effects it may have.” You can read their full letter here.

MISSISSIPPI:

April 1 – Governor Tate Reeves signed a “shelter in place” order that will be in effect through April 20. The order incorporates CISA guidance, but also follows the governor’s previous order on essential businesses. You can read the full order here.

April 1 – Ridgeland, Mississippi Mayor Gene McGee issued an executive order restricting certain non-essential businesses in the city until April 30. The local order is following guidance from the governor on essential businesses, which exempts news media operations from the order. You can read the full Ridgeland order here.

March 31 – Governor Tate Reeves issued a shelter-in-place order for Lauderdale County, Mississippi that will be in effect until April 14. The order follows CISA guidance, per a previous executive order, which you can read here. You can read the full Lauderdale County order here.

MONTANA:

March 26 – Governor Steve Bullock issued a “stay at home” order effective March 28 through April 10. Per the order, only “essential” businesses may continue to operate as usual while the order is in effect, and this includes “newspapers, television, radio, and other media services.” You can read the full order here.

NEVADA:

March 20 – The Nevada Department of Public Safety Division of Emergency Management sent a letter to Governor Steve Sisolak with an emergency regulation outlining which businesses should be considered “essential” during the ongoing public health crisis. Among those businesses considered essential and which should be allowed to operate as normal are newspapers, television, radio and other media services. You can read the full letter and regulation here.

NEW HAMPSHIRE:

March 27 – Governor Christopher Sununu issued a “stay at home” order that closes all non-essential businesses and requires residents to stay at home unless engaging in essential business or personal activities. Under the order, “Workers who support radio, television, and media service, including, but not limited to front line news reporters, studio, and technicians for newsgathering and reporting.” You can read the full order here. You can read the full addendum of essential businesses and workers here.

NEW JERSEY: 

March 22 – The governor of New Jersey issued an executive order enacting a state of emergency. Per the order, nothing done by the government to restrict movement and prevent the spread of coronavirus “shall be construed to limit, prohibit, or restrict in any way the operations of newspapers, television, radio, and other media services.” You can read the full order here.

NEW MEXICO: 

March 23 – New Mexico’s Department of Health issued a “Public Health Emergency Order Closing All Businesses and Non-Profit Entities Except for those Deemed Essential and Providing Additional Restrictions on Mass Gatherings Due to COVID-19.” According to the order, “media services including television, radio, and newspaper operations” are essential and exempt from the order. You can read the full order here.

NEW YORK:

March 20 – New York Governor Andrew Cuomo has issued tighter restrictions during New York’s state of emergency. All non-essential businesses are required to keep 100 percent of employees home. Essential businesses are still exempt from this order, including news publishers. You can read Cuomo’s order on essential businesses here. The tighter order comes as confirmed cases of COVID-19 near 8,000 in New York State.

March 19 – New York Governor Andrew Cuomo announced that media organizations and news publishers would be considered essential businesses and exempt from an order for 50 percent work reduction in the state. View the order here.

NORTH CAROLINA:

March 27 – Governor Roy Cooper issued a statewide “stay at home” order effective March 30. The order follows CISA guidance on essential businesses, but also specifically notes that media businesses, including newspapers, television and radio, are exempt as “essential.” You can read the full North Carolina order here.

March 25 – The county of Mecklenburg, North Carolina, is under a state of emergency, as is the city of Charlotte. Per the order, all businesses and government agencies are to cease all non-essential operations “requiring public mobility within the county.” Newspapers, television, radio, and other media services are exempt as “essential” businesses. You can read the full order here.

March 20 – The North Carolina Press Association and the North Carolina Association of Broadcasters sent a joint letter to Governor Roy Cooper about the value of news media during the continuing public health crisis. The associations requested that news producers be considered “essential” businesses in the event of any state-of-emergency or shelter-in-place orders. You can read their full letter here. 

OHIO:

March 22 – Ohio Governor Mike DeWine has issued a “stay at home” order for the state of Ohio. Under the order, all non-essential business operations must cease, and residents are urged to stay home unless necessary. Per the governor’s order, news media publishers and broadcasters are exempt from the order and may continue to operate as normal. You can read the full order here.

OKLAHOMA: 

April 1 – Governor Kevin Stitt extended his previous executive order of March 24 to cover all 77 counties in Oklahoma. The Oklahoma order follows CISA guidance, which exempts news media operations as essential.  You can read the full order here.

March 24 – Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt has issued a stay-at-home order for the state. The order has not yet been uploaded to the state’s website, nor has there been guidance about news media operations. You can read about the governor’s announcement here.

OREGON: 

March 23 – Oregon Governor Kate Brown issued a “stay-at-home” order for the state. There has not yet been guidance on what businesses are “essential” under the order. You can read the executive order here.

PENNSYLVANIA:

April 1 – Governor Tom Wolf has extended Pennsylvania’s “stay at home” order to cover all counties in the state. The order is in effect until April 30. While the order does not specifically mention news media, a press release from the governor’s office does include “news media” on the list of “essential” businesses for the state. You can read the full list here. You can read the updated statewide executive order here.

March 23 – Governor Tom Wolf has issued “stay-at-home” orders for seven counties in Pennsylvania. You can read the executive order for these counties here.

March 20 – Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf has released a list of “life-sustaining” businesses that can continue full operations during the ongoing public health crisis. Among those businesses deemed “life-sustaining” are news publishers and news broadcasters. You can read the full list here.

March 17 – Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf has assured the Pennsylvania NewsMedia Association (PNA) that news publishers are not among the “non-essential” businesses being asked to temporarily close to slow the spread of COVID-19. Pennsylvania publishers can learn more from the PNA here. The PNA also sent a letter to Governor Wolf asking that news publishers’ essential status be upheld during the public health crisis. You can read their letter here.

RHODE ISLAND:

March 28 – Governor Gina Raimondo issued an executive order requiring all Rhode Island residents to stay at home unless traveling to work, to get medical treatment, or to obtain essentials such as gas and groceries. Employers are to make accommodations for employees to work from home. Though not spelled out in the order, news media workers are exempt from the order per a conversation with the governor’s lawyer. You can read the full order here. Should the media exemption be added to a future version, it will be added here.

SOUTH CAROLINA:

March 31 – Governor Henry McMaster has issued an executive order closing all non-essential businesses in South Carolina. The order lists only those businesses deemed non-essential. The governor’s website declares that if a business is not explicitly addressed in the order, it should continue normal operations until a determination is made. News media businesses have not been listed in the order. Anyone seeking clarification of the order and what businesses may be “essential” are encouraged to submit a clarification request through the SC Department of Commerce website, to email covid19sc@sccommerce.com, or to call 803-734-2873. You can learn more here. You can read the full executive order here.

TENNESSEE:

April 2 – Governor Bill Lee issued an amendment to his “safer at home” order requiring all residents to stay home unless engaging in an essential business or personal activity. The order follows the previous one in expiring on April 14. You can read the full updated order here.

March 30 – Governor Bill Lee issued a statewide “safer at home” order that will last for two weeks, expiring April 14. Under the order, businesses that are non-essential are to remain closed. News media businesses, including newspapers, television, radio, and news-related supply chain operations, are exempt. You can read the full order here.

TEXAS: 

March 31 – Governor Greg Abbott issued an executive order that requires non-essential businesses to close and urges residents to stay at home unless participating in essential businesses or activities. The Texas order is following Homeland Security’s CISA guidance, which exempts news publishers, producers, and delivery personnel. You can read the full Texas order here.

March 23 – Several counties in Texas have issued “stay-at-home” orders. You can read about the counties that have issues these orders here.

VERMONT:

March 27 – The Vermont Community Newspaper Group shared a sample letter with the Vermont Press Association that newsroom staff can use when traveling through counties that are under shelter-in-place orders for news gathering, production, and delivery purposes. The letter allows the staff to identify themselves as news media employees if stopped by officials. You can read the sample letter here.

March 24 – Governor Philip Scott issued a statewide “stay at home” order effective through April 15. Under the order, residents are encouraged to stay home unless participating in an essential business or personal activity. Per the order, “news media” is considered essential to public health and safety and those businesses can continue to operate fully. You can read the full order here.

VIRGINIA:

March 30 – Governor Ralph Northam issued an executive stay-at-home order requiring all residents to stay at home unless participating in essential businesses or activities such as obtaining essential goods, traveling to work, or seeking medical care. Per a previous order on “essential” businesses, news media producers, publishers, and delivery staff are exempt. You can read the full stay-at-home order here.

March 23 – Governor Ralph Northam issued an executive order restricting businesses in the state of Virginia. According to the order, news media are exempt from all regulations as “essential” businesses. You can read the full order here.

WASHINGTON: 

March 23 – Governor Jay Inslee issued a “stay-at-home” order for the state of Washington. Under the order, “workers who support radio, television, newspapers and media service, including, but not
limited to front line news reporters, studio, and technicians for newsgathering and reporting,
and workers involved in the printing and distribution of newspapers” are essential and are exempt from the order. You can read the full order here. And you can read the full list of essential workers here.

WEST VIRGINIA: 

March 23 – Governor Jim Justice issued a stay-at-home order for the state of West Virginia. Under the order, all non-essential businesses are to cease operation and all non-essential travel within the state is to be restricted. Per Justice’s order, however, news media — including newspapers, radio and television — are exempt as “essential” businesses and are permitted to continue regular operation. You can read the full order here. 

WISCONSIN:

March 24 – Governor Tony Evers issued an executive “stay-at-home” order to prevent the further spread of COVID-19 in Wisconsin. Under the order, “newspapers, television, radio, and other media services” are exempt as essential services. You can read the full order here.

Federal:

U.S. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE: March 19 – The U.S. Chamber of Commerce on Wednesday sent a letter to President Trump requesting that news publishers and news delivery services — along with other vital businesses like pharmacies, grocery stores, mail delivery, etc. — be considered “essential” during this ongoing public health crisis. The Chamber asked that the Trump Administration provide guidance to state and local governments issuing shelter-in-place or other virus reduction orders to include these businesses as “essential” and allow them to continue operation, provided they take safety precautions. You can read the Chamber’s full letter here.

DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY: 

March 28 – The DHS Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) issued an updated memorandum about what businesses and infrastructure should be considered “essential” during the ongoing public health crisis. The updated memo includes more specific guidance on news media: “Workers who support radio, television, and media service, including, but not limited to front-line news reporters,studio, and technicians for newsgathering, and reporting, and publishing news.” You can read the full revised memo here.

March 19 – The DHS Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) issued a memorandum to offer guidance to states and other municipalities on what businesses and infrastructure should be considered “essential” during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. You can read the CISA memo here.

International: 

ITALY: March 18 – In Italy, which is currently under lockdown in an effort to halt the spread of the novel coronavirus, a debate is waging about the importance of print newspapers. However, when deciding which businesses would be spared during a country-wide shutdown, news publishers and newsstands were deemed essential businesses by the Italian government, and newsstands have even seen a small uptick in business since the lockdown went into effect. You can read more about the situation here.

 

The Alliance will be monitoring the situation across the country and keeping members informed of how their businesses are classified. You can read our statement on this matter here.

Sample Letters

Colorado: Letter to Governor Jared Polis from the Colorado Press Association & Colorado Freedom of Information Coalition
Florida: Letter to Governor Ron DeSantis from the Florida Press Association
Illinois: Sample Essential Employee Letter from Illinois Press Association
Iowa Newspaper Association Letter to Governor Kim Reynolds
Minnesota: Letter to Governor Tim Walz from Minnesota Newspaper Association
North Carolina: Letter to Governor Roy Cooper from North Carolina Press Association and North Carolina Association of Broadcasters
Pennsylvania: Letter to Governor Tom Wolf from Pennsylvania NewsMedia Association
Vermont Community Newspaper Group Sample Letter
U.S. Chamber of Commerce Letter to President Trump

State/Municipality Orders

Department of Homeland Security CISA Memorandum
DHS CISA Memo Update (March 28)
Alabama Executive Order
Alaska Executive Order
Alaska Essential Businesses
Arizona Executive Order
California Stay-at-Home Order and FAQ
California: San Francisco Shelter in Place Order
Colorado Social Distancing Amendment
Colorado Alternate Link
Connecticut Executive Order
Delaware Stay-at-Home Order
Delaware: Essential Businesses
District of Columbia Order
Florida Executive Stay-at-Home Order
Florida: Miami-Dade County (Florida) Local State of Emergency Order
Georgia Shelter-in-Place Order
Georgia Essential Business Guidance
Hawaii Stay-at-Home Order
Idaho Stay-at-Home Order
Illinois Stay at Home Executive Order
Illinois: Oak Park, Illinois, Shelter-in-Place Order
Indiana Executive Order
Indiana Essential Businesses
Kentucky “Healthier at Home” Order
Louisiana “Stay at Home” Order
Maine Essential Businesses Order (March 24)
Maine Executive Order (March 31)
Maryland Coronavirus Orders
Maryland Addendum of Exempt Businesses
Maryland Stay-at-Home Order (March 30)
Massachusetts Executive Order and Essential Businesses
Michigan Executive Order
Minnesota Executive Order
Mississippi “Shelter in Place” Order
Montana “Stay at Home” Order
Nevada Department of Public Safety Emergency Regulation
New Hampshire Executive Order
New Hampshire Essential Business Addendum
New Jersey Executive Order
New Mexico Dept. of Health Order
New York: State of New York Executive Chamber Executive Order
North Carolina Statewide “Stay at Home” Order
North Carolina: Mecklenberg County Order
Ohio “Stay at Home” Order
Oklahoma Executive Order (April 1)
Oregon Executive Order
Pennsylvania Statewide Stay-at-Home Order (April 1)
Pennsylvania COVID-19 Mitigation Efforts
Pennsylvania List of “Life-Sustaining” Businesses
Pennsylvania Executive Order (March 23)
Rhode Island Executive Order
South Carolina Non-Essential Business Executive Order
Tennessee Safe-at-Home Update (April 1)
Tennessee Safe-at-Home Order (March 30)
Vermont Executive Order
Virginia Executive Order
Virginia Stay-at-Home Order (March 30)
Washington Executive Order
Washington Essential Workers
West Virginia Stay-at-Home Order
Wisconsin Executive Order

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